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(2) report on the adequacy of how these projects will distribute the increase in available water supply between Egypt and Sudan at each stage of development, and the Nile exerts considerable influence on intergovernmental policies in the region. Prior to the 2010 Entebbe Agreement, two major agreements regulated the allocation of Nile waters. These agreements gave Egypt and Sudan absolute rights over the river, leading to serious regional tensions. In 1929, the Nile Water Agreement was signed between Egypt and Britain, granting Egypt the right to inspect all upstream Nile water projects that have the potential to affect its flow. The agreement has been streamlined on the grounds that Egypt is more dependent on the Nile than other countries in the basin, which benefit from heavy rains, access to Nile sources and other supply alternatives. The British decision was also motivated by Egypt`s strategic importance to the Empire; Egypt controlled the Suez Canal and thus British access to India. Decades later, in 1959, Egypt and Sudan signed the Nile Water Agreement. Egypt received three-quarters of the total volume of water (55.5 billion cubic meters), the capacity to build the Aswan Dam, while Sudan received a quarter of the volume (18.5 billion cubic meters). Other countries in the basin have strongly criticized the legitimacy of the 1929 and 1959 Nile water agreements; Since they were not independent at that time, they claimed that they were prevented from fighting for water.

In recent years, upstream riparian countries have acquired a greater share of the Nile`s resources and control. The regional reorientation of forces along the Nile Basin is the result of the Nile River Co-Exploitation Framework (NRCF). The NRCF, established in 1997, entered into force as international law when the sixth riparian nation, Burundi, signed the Entebbe Agreement in March 2011. The Entebbe Agreement allowed riparian countries to build dams and carry out projects in this direction, contrary to the restrictions imposed by colonial treaties. At present, the six nations that have signed the agreement are Ethiopia, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Burundi. .