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The joint statement states that the state of war between the two countries is over; That they will work to forge political, economic, social, cultural and security cooperation that promotes the needs of their people; The resumption of trade, diplomacy and communication between the two; Implementation of the 2002 Border Decision; and that the two countries will cooperate on regional peace. Footnote 4 These various agreements mark fundamental steps towards full reconciliation. On 5 June 2018, the Executive Committee of the Ethiopian People`s Ruling Democratic Democratic Front announced its intention to adopt and fully implement the 2002 ruling of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC), established under the auspices of the Permanent Court of Arbitration in accordance with the 2000 Algiers Agreement. [9] In a statement, the EPRDF called on Eritrea to replicate and implement the peace agreement without preconditions. [17] Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki signed a historic agreement on July 9, 2018, in Asmara, Eritrea, that ends more than two decades of hostilities and open wars. The Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship (Joint Declaration) marks a fundamental change for the Horn of Africa, as reconciliation can change the economic and political dynamism of the region. The joint statement resulted in several important developments that took place in a matter of weeks, from June to early July 2018. Ethiopia announced its adoption of the original Algiers Agreement of 12 December 2000, which had never been implemented, and its willingness to comply with the 2002 ruling of the International Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC), which granted controversial territory to Eritrea, including the border town of Badme. Previously, Ethiopia had rejected the verdict and requested a new judgment.

Ethiopia had also stressed the need to restore relations before finding a territorial solution. President Afwerki agreed to negotiate after saying for years that Ethiopia must first withdraw its troops from the disputed city of Badme. A few weeks before the signing of the joint statement, the Eritrean foreign minister visited Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia, marking the first bilateral meeting between the two since the beginning of the war. (1) The state of war between Ethiopia and Eritrea is over. . . .