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Chinese and North Korean military commanders signed the agreement on the one hand, with the US-led UN command signing on behalf of the international community. South Korea was not a signatory. An important and problematic point of the negotiations was the repatriation to war captivity. [22] The Communists held 10,000 prisoners of war and the UNC 150,000 prisoners of war. [9] The VPA, VPA and UNC could not agree on a repatriation system, as many VPA and KPA soldiers refused to be repatriated to the North,[23] which was unacceptable to the Chinese and North Koreans. [24] In the Final Ceasefire Agreement signed on July 27, 1953, a return commission for neutral nations, chaired by Indian General K. S. Thimayya, was established to deal with the issue. [25] The agreement also called for the creation of the Military Armistice Commission (MAC) and other agencies to ensure the ceasefire. He believed that the ROK should continue to strengthen its army to march to the Yalu River and completely unite the nation. [5] The UNC did not support Rhee`s position.

[5] Even without unc support, Rhee and the South Korean government tried to mobilize public opinion to oppose any halt to fighting just before the Yalu River. [11] Other ROK officials supported Rhee`s ambitions, and the South Korean National Assembly unanimously passed a resolution supporting the continuation of the struggle for an “independent and united country.” [11] However, at the end of June, the Assembly decided to support the ceasefire talks[11], although President Rhee continued to oppose it. [12] On July 19, 1953, the delegates agreed on all the issues on the agenda. [30] July 27, 1953 at 10:00.m. the ceasefire was signed by Nam Il, KPA and VPA delegate, and William K. Harrison Jr. UNC delegate. [2] Twelve hours after the signing of the document, all arrangements approved in the ceasefire have begun. [31] The agreement provided for monitoring by an international commission.

The Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission (NNSC) was established to prevent reinforcements from being transferred to Korea, either additional military personnel or new weapons, and inspection teams of NNSC members from Czechoslovakia, Poland, Sweden and Switzerland operated throughout Korea. [13] South Korea never signed the ceasefire agreement, with President Syngman Rhee refusing to accept that it did not reunite Korea by force. [4] [5] China normalized relations and signed a peace treaty with South Korea in 1992. . .